I see so many different treatments of pruning for this plant, so I thought I would show you how I manage to keep its natural pendulous form.
This room gets moderate light and because it lives happily on a raised plant stand, we still enjoy the long stems to nearly reach the floor.
|Wear GLOVES, please!
|Can you see them? Tiny. Be careful!
First, get a good look from all angles. Get your gloves on and peak beneath those long trusses of growth.
With your gloves, pull back to reveal dead wood, browning stems and leaves that are dry and falling off. Comb with your gloves downwards to get rid of the dead bits. Be thorough. And don't worry, breaking a few stems in the process isn't going to hurt the plant. Prune out any yellowing stems or stems that are weak and not robust.
You want to avoid cutting younger growth. One trick to recognize them from the old is their lack of thorny barbs. See, no gloves to prove a point.
Another way is to see the colour variation.
The older stems are thicker and darker green.
I recommend cutting a third of the old stems back right from the base of the soil.
Go back to the top of the pot. You'll see brown, woody stems that emerge from tuber nodules (lumpy bumps) at the soil level. Don't damage those bumps by pruning the woody stems. Just cut above.
From the base, gently tease the stems you cut out from the mass of growth and doing this will help generate younger growth to emerge from the top.
Next, figure how long you want to reduce its length.
Grab all the stems and gather them into a pony tail. Cut right above your grasp.
Don't stop there...
The healthy stems remaining need a trim as well. First look for bud axils along each stem. Find really healthy robust joints and start to thin out. Select 1 in about 10 stems like this and give them a cut back.
To show you better contrast, I've laid the cut stem on my jeans so you can see where to cut. Those buds just nestled in the joint of stems and leaves will become new stems. Cutting some of this lengthy growth in half will bulk up the centre of the plant, as well as force new growth to emerge from the soil. This is key, or you will always have a bulky base and thin top to your hanging plant.
There, a little more even. No more puddling of stems on the floor. No more dead wood or browning leaves. Healthier all around.
Try it yourself!